In 1821, the Territory of Florida was established and Andrew Jackson became the first governor of Florida. Possession of small amounts is illegal: Possession of 20 grams or less of marijuana is a misdemeanor punishable by a maximum sentence of one year imprisonment and a maximum fine of $1,000.Possession of more than 20 grams of marijuana is a felony punishable by a maximum sentence of five years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $5,000. Copyright © 2021 State of Florida, Florida Department of State. The History of the Short-Lived Independent Republic of Florida For a brief period in 1810, Florida was truly a country of its own Before that, governors were assigned by the government of Spain. The area around present-day Pensacola was inhabited by Native American peoples thousands of years before the historical era.. At some venues, Florida history and art in Florida is quite modern. Thus, taken together, all these events gave ammunition to skeptics and optimists alike – Florida entered the 21st century sincerely trying to develop a more balanced, sustainable way of life, but like an alligator 'sleeping' on the bank, its uneasy past could lash out and bite at any moment. Lonely Planet. See the full list of the 50 states and their borders here. City Tours; School Programs; South Florida Folklife Center; Center for Photography; Research Center; Miami Stories; Community Gallery; Programs & Events. Though savaged in 2004 by four major hurricanes in six weeks (impacting most of the state but especially the far western Panhandle), Florida’s tourism and development boom remains unstoppable. History of Florida History of Florida Introduction Florida is a land that was discovered in the late fifteenth century during the travel of European sailors after the discovery of the New World by Christopher Columbus. Florida Museum of Natural History University of Florida Cultural Plaza 3215 Hull Road Gainesville, FL 32611-2710 Science + Research News. Florida has them all, both imaginary and real. The state’s capital is Tallahassee. The population grew from only 529,000 in 1900 to 18.3 million in 2009. Florida Memory digitizes materials that illuminate the state's history and culture. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.See all videos for this article. Opinions are divided among Seminoles and scholars as to the origins of today’s Florida Seminoles. Since then, the National Marine Sanctuary System has grown to include 13 sanctuaries and two marine national monuments. Florida Frontiers: The Weekly Newspaper Articles of the Florida Historical Society is a weekly newspaper article covering history-based events, exhibitions, activities, places and people in Florida. Our Mission. More Florida History Firsts & State Facts. Questions or comments? Florida attained statehood on March 3, 1845, becoming the 27 th state to join the union. Florida was admitted to the Union on March 3, 1845. 5 The Civil War and Reconstruction. A group to share memories, photographs, stories and questions about the rich heritage of automobile and motorcycle racing in Florida. Greater Miami is the only metropolitan area in the United States whose borders encompass two national parks. Spaniards in the 16th century found a village (perhaps 2,000 years old) of Tequesta Indians on the site. The Seminoles of Florida call themselves the "Unconquered People," descendants of just 300 Indians who managed to elude capture by the U.S. army in the 19th century. During Florida Jewish History Month, people will have the opportunity to learn about and celebrate Floridian Jews' contributions to the development of the state at a few virtual events. During Florida Jewish History Month, people will have the opportunity to learn about and celebrate Floridian Jews' contributions to the development of the state at a few virtual events. Table of Contents . Floripedia is a collection of articles about Florida and Florida history. The historical era begins with the arrival of Spanish explorers in the 16th century. But one Mr Henry Flagler solved that problem in the late 1800s when he constructed a railroad linking the east coast of Florida to the rest of the country, bringing train-carloads of people and unlocking Florida’s tourism potential. Road through pinelands before 1928. The Florida Department of State manages our state's elections, corporations, historical and cultural resources and our libraries. They left behind artifacts and archeological evidence.. They were hunters and gatherers. He built his mansion with bricks and tabby, a mix of oyster shells, sand, lime, ash and water. The first people to enter the Florida peninsula around 12,000 years ago were not explorers, adventurers, or settlers,but nomads following the big game animals upon which their survival depended. Florida was probably one of the last places in the Americas to have human inhabitants although every year earlier and earlier remains of first Floridians are discovered in springs such as Warm Mineral Springs, south of Sarasota. we use cookies to improve your experience on our website. During the age of dinosaurs, the Florida peninsula was underwater and did not exist as a land mass. Therefore, no dinosaur remains were ever deposited in Florida. Florida has 67 counties. Jan 11, 2021 Unsure how to help reverse insect declines? The history of Florida can be traced back to when the first Native Americans began to inhabit the peninsula as early as 14,000 years ago. Florida was the first part of the United States to be settled by Europeans. Florida Governor's portraits and biographies. 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